Notes & Sources: p.100-188


1. Michael McCoy, Chemical & Engineering News, Vol 79, No 25, pp. 21-25, June 18, 2001
2. Survivors organisations oppose the proposed merger of Dow and UCC Aug 8, 1999, Press Statement by Abdul Jabbar, Convenor, Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Udyog Sangathan; Balkrishna Namdeo, Convenor, Bhopal Gas Peedit Nirashrit Pension Bhogi Sangharsh Morcha; Rashida Bee, President, Bhopal Gas Peedit Mahila Stationery Karmachari Sangh; and Satinath Sarangi of the Bhopal Group for Information & Action: See also: Killer Carbide is now Dow Chemical, both retrieved Aug 12, 2012
3. Reverse triangular merger: Union Carbide Corporation, Form 8-k, filed with Securities & Exchange Commission, Aug 3, 1999 – results in separate businesses: ‘The Dow Chemical Company’s response to the curative petition filed by the Union of India’, November 18, 2011, accessed at sustainability/debates/pdfs/TDCC-Response-CP-111811.pdf
4. Letter of Agreement, R Natarajan, Vice President, Union Carbide Eastern, to Visa Petrochemicals PVT Ltd, November 14, 1987.
5. ibid.
6. $1000 bailable arrest warrants against UCC Chief, Others, Times of India, November 16, 1988
7. The Division of Corporations, State of Delaware, records Entity file no. 2174914, Union Carbide Asia Pacific, Inc., registered October 11th, 1988
8. Letter of 90 day notice to terminate former agreement, R Natarajan, to Visa Petrochemicals PVT., April 5th 1993. Document no. D00618 in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
9. Private remark of CBI official to Satinath Sarangi of the BGIA, 1992
10. Order dated April 30, 1992 passed by the CJM, Bhopal in M.J.C. No.91 of 1992.
11. ‘In a bid to further insulate UCC from liabilities in India resulting from the repercussions of the Bhopal tragedy, UCC issued in 1993 a corporate legal directive that no UCC employee would be allowed to travel to India and that UCC could not ship its Products directly to India.’ Affidavit of Sanjiv Pranlal Sanghvi, Director, Megavisa Solutions (Singapore) pte ltd, in suit no. 1035/2002/C in the High Court of the Republic of Singapore, September 23, 2002 See also next item:
12. The Change in the India Channel of Marketing/ Distribution, Document no. M588, in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
13. Affidavit of Sanjiv Pranlal Sanghvi, op. cit.
14. Meeting with MegaVisa Marketing & Solutions Ltd on Tues, Feb 13, 2001, Ravi Muthukrishnan, Dow Chemical Country Manager, India, attachment to email re:ucc Agent/Distributor India/megavisa dated February 13th, 2001. Document no. D14000903 in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
15. ‘Q. How long have you been retired?
A. June 1, 2001…
Q. Now, you say you left everything in your office in Singapore. What do you mean by that, Sir?
A. I turned it over to the Union Car–I mean, the Dow Asia Pacific people who were responsible for the region, who assumed my responsibilities after the merger.’ Deposition of Ron Neri, former President of Union Carbide Asia Pacific, on August 23, 2005 in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
16. Various emails between managers of Dow India, Dow Europe, Dow Asia Pacific and Dow Singapore and manager of Megavisa India, discovered in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
17. Emails between Ako Serizawa, Dow Asia Pacific Customer Interface, and Edward RJ. Neunuebel, Dow Pacific Legal – Hong Kong, on July 6, 2001. Doc. no. M5313 in Civil No. 3:02 CV 1107 (AVC)
18. ibid.
19. Olympic sponsorship row fuelled by Bhopal revelations, Nina Lakhani, The Independent, February 13, 2012
20. The humble application on behalf of Dow Chemical International Pvt Ltd Before the C of the Hhon’ble Chief Judicial Magistrate, Bhopal, In the matter of Criminal Complaint MJC 91/92, Order Dated 15/16th June, 2004. Argued September 3rd, 2004

1. Dow Seadrift Public Affairs Manager Kathy Hunt to Diane Wilson, reported by Wilson
2. Dow CEO Michael Parker to Bhopal survivors at Dow 2002 AGM, May 9, 2002
3. Dan Feldman of the CalTech Environmental Task Force interview with Dow board member Prof. Jacquie Barton. Full transcript on
4. ibid
5. Technical guidelines for cleanup at the Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL) site in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, Greenpeace, 2002
6. Dow CEO Andrew Liveris, March 3, 2007 105 ONE OF THESE A DAY 50,000 rupees spread over more than 27 years.

1. T.R. Chouhan, former UCIL plant engineer, author of Bhopal: The Inside Story – Carbide Workers Speak Out on the World’s Worst Industrial Disaster, Apex Press May 1995.
2. Carbaryl, chemical name of Sevin insecticide, made from reacting methyl-isocyanate with phosgene
3. Lindane, Sevin, Union Carbide brand names for tri-methylbenzene and carbaryl insecticides
4. The 70 antiquated gauges in the control room were monitored by one operator after the cost cutting, the pressure valve for fatal tank E-610 was pointed out to visitors, still jammed on overload

Jhadoo Maro Dow Ko!: ‘Hit Dow with a broom’.

Frames from video taken on Nov 25, 2002 at the Union Carbide factory. The violent police officer is Reserve Inspector Chouhan. Video at

Comment on a news piece Drill at Dow plant prepares for terrorism that appeared in the New Jersey Star-Ledger on Monday Dec 13, 2003. The article as shown here is not the original, which we were unable to obtain, but a reconstruction. It is accompanied by an excerpt from Animal’s People by Indra Sinha, Simon & Schuster 2007, shortlisted for the 2007 Man Booker Prize for Fiction and Winner of the Commonwealth Prize for Europe & South Asia, 2008

1. Bhopal gas victims stage rally in Bombay, Times of India News Service, March 2, 2001
2. Gas victims launch campaign for justice, Hindustan Times, March 13, 2001
3. William Stavropoulos at 2003 Dow AGM
4. Quoted in Bhopal Survivors Confront Dow: They Say Dow Execs Lied to Shareholders, Helene Vosters, Special to Corpwatch, May 15, 2003
5. Criminal case charge sheet
6. Bhopal Court summons Dow in place of UCC

p.121 Part III ‘A day with Sunil’
1. Bhopal Gas Tragedy (1984), National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, 1985
2. Factfinding Mission on Bhopal, 2000
3. Bhopal Express, written by Piyush and Prasoon Pandey, directed by Mahesh Matthai, starring K.K., Nethra Raghuraman, Naseeruddin Shah and Zeenat Aman, Highlight Films, 1999

1. Goldman Prize 1994, awarded jointly to Rashida Bee and Champadevi Shukla.
The citation reads: Despite their poverty and poor health due to toxic gas exposure, Bee and Shukla have emerged as leaders in the international fight to hold Dow Chemical accountable for the infamous 1984 Union Carbide gas leak in Bhopal, India that killed 20,000 and left more than 150,000 seriously injured. (Union Carbide became a wholly owned subsidiary of Dow in 1999.) They organized the first global hunger strike to draw international attention to Dow’s deadly legacy and traveled the world to protest at Dow shareholder meetings. Now on the 20th anniversary of the disaster, Bee and Shukla are plaintiffs in a class action suit demanding a clean up of the noxious factory site and damages to cover medical monitoring and costs incurred from years of soil and water contamination.

1. An Ongoing Disaster, V. Venkatesan, Frontline, Vol. 21, Issue 15, July 17-30, 2004 2. Supreme Court of India order of May 7, 2004

1. ibid
2. Bhopal: 25 years of poison, Indra Sinha, The Guardian, Dec 3, 2009
3. Beauty lies in the eyes of chief minister, Santosh Singh, The Statesman, June 16, 2005
4. Andrew Liveris speech at the UN, 25 July 2006 5. Andrew Liveris in answer to University of Michigan and Michigan State University student protesters at Dow AGM, May 11, 2006

Several people have contributed their memories and words to this remembrance of Sunil

1. Bhopal: 25 years of poison, Indra Sinha, The Guardian, Dec 3, 2009
2. Bhopal Gas Tragedy Lives On 20 Years Later, Scott Baldauf, Christian Science Monitor, May 4, 2004
3. Source: Bhopal Group for Information & Action (BGIA)
4. The toxic truth about a terrible tragedy, Subodh Varma, Times of India, Dec 4, 2009
5. Bhopal gas victims burn Jairam’s effigy, Suchandana Gupta, Times of India, Sept 15, 2009
6. 25 yrs on, a walk through the Carbide plant, Akshai Jain, Wall St Journal, Nov 21, 2009
7. Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chauhan in interview with BBC’s Allan Little, broadcast Dec 2009
8. India’s most secret incinerator is here, Nityanand  Jayaraman, Tehelka, July 18, 2011
9.Letter of NEERI Director Chakrabarti to Madhya Pradesh government, dated Nov 4, 2009 ‘I concur with the decision that the Union Carbide factory will be opened for general public for a period of 15 days in connection with the 25th anniversary of the Bhopal gas tragedy. The reason for concurring with the above mentioned idea lies in the fact that I, along with several government officials, have visited the site umpteen number of times without experiencing any health problem.The experts from the Supreme Court Monitoring Committee, Central Pollution Control Board officials, officials from the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and officials from the MP Pollution Control Board, who were with me on different occasions, did not experience any health problem as I still continue with them even today. Therefore, I am concurring with the idea of BGTR&R decision of allowing general public to visit the plant site from the distance of twenty feet as proposed in your (government’s) letter.’

160-161 DEAR MRS. BANO
1. Judgement of Mohan P. Tiwari, Chief Judicial Magistrate, Bhopal, June 7, 2010 given against eight Indian officials of Union Carbide India Ltd (UCIL).
2. ‘Mr Warren Anderson, UCC USA and UCC Kowloon Hongkong are still absconding and therefore, every part of this case (Criminal File) is kept intact along with the exhibited and unexhibited documents and the property related to this case, in safe custody, till their appearance.’ Paragraph 266, Judgement of Mohan P. Tiwari, Chief Judicial Magistrate, Bhopal, June 7, 2010
3. Bhopal verdict an example of ‘justice buried’: Law Minister, Hindustan Times, June 7, 2010
4. MEA got Anderson off the hook, India Today, June 8, 2010
5. U.S. won’t reopen Bhopal gas leak probe, says Robert Blake, The Hindu, June 9, 2010
6. The reconstituted GoM had its first meeting on 18th June, 2010, under the chairmanship of Shri P. Chidambaram, Minister of Home Affairs. The meeting was attended by Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad, Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Shri M. Veerappa Moily, Minister of Law and Justice, Shri S. Jaipal Reddy, Minister of Urban Development, Shri Kamal Nath, Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Kumari Selja, Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Minister of Tourism, Shri M. K. Alagiri, Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri Prithviraj Chavan, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office, Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Minister of State in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Shri Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. Shri Babu Lal Gaur, Minister-in-charge of the Department of Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Relief and Rehabilitation, Government of Madhya Pradesh attended the meeting as a permanent invitee.

1. Minutes of the meeting of the Group of Ministers (GOM) on Bhopal gas disaster, held from 18th to 21st June, 2010 in Room No. 103, North Block, New Delhi
2. Letters of survivors’ organisations to GoM

1. The unplanned meeting of Lord Coe and Sanjay ‘Kunkun’ Verma took place in the Pitfield Cafe, Hoxton on May 2, 2012. Sanjay was in the company of Colin Toogood of the Bhopal Medical Appeal. The conversation is given as they recall it.